A hierarchical classification of trophic guilds for North American birds and mammals


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1 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 85, 2014 Material suplementario DOI: /rmb A hierarchical classification of trophic guilds for North American birds and mammals Clasificación jerárquica de gremios tróficos para aves y mamíferos de Norteamérica Constantino González-Salazar 1,2, Enrique Martínez-Meyer 1 and Guadalupe López-Santiago 2 1 Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Apartado postal , México, D. F., México. 2 C3 - Centro de Ciencias de la Complejidad, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado postal , México, D. F., México. Electronic supplementary material Table S1. Taxonomic list of birds and their trophic guilds Tinamiformes Tinamidae Tinamus major Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Crypturellus soui Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Crypturellus cinnamomeus Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Crypturellus boucardi Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Galliformes Cracidae Ortalis vetula Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Ortalis wagleri Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Ortalis poliocephala Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Ortalis leucogastra Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Penelope purpurascens Penelopina nigra Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Oreophasis derbianus Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Crax rubra Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Odontophoridae Dendrortyx barbatus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Dendrortyx macroura Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Dendrortyx leucophrys Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Oreortyx pictus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Callipepla squamata Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Callipepla douglasii Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Callipepla californica Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Callipepla gambelii Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Philortyx fasciatus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Colinus virginianus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Colinus nigrogularis Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Odontophorus guttatus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Dactylortyx thoracicus Herbivores: ground forager Cyrtonyx montezumae Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Cyrtonyx ocellatus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Phasianidae Bonasa umbellus Herbivores: ground forager Centrocercus urophasianus Herbivores: ground forager Falcipennis canadensis Herbivores: ground forager Lagopus lagopus Herbivores: ground forager Lagopus muta Herbivores: ground forager Lagopus leucura Herbivores: ground forager Dendragapus obscurus Herbivores: ground forager Tympanuchus phasianellus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Tympanuchus cupido Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Tympanuchus pallidicinctus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Meleagris gallopavo Herbivores: ground forager Meleagris ocellata Herbivores: ground forager

2 González-Salazar et al.- Trophic guilds for birds and mammals Table S1. Continues Accipitriformes Cathartidae Coragyps atratus Scavengers Cathartes aura Scavengers Cathartes burrovianus Scavengers Gymnogyps californianus Scavengers Sarcoramphus papa Scavengers Pandionidae Pandion haliaetus Carnivore: freshwater-forager Accipitridae Leptodon cayanensis Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Chondrohierax uncinatus Elanoides forficatus Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Elanus leucurus Rostrhamus sociabilis Carnivore: freshwater-forager Harpagus bidentatus Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Ictinia mississippiensis Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Ictinia plumbea Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Haliaeetus leucocephalus Carnivore: freshwater-forager Busarellus nigricollis Carnivore: freshwater-forager Circus cyaneus Accipiter striatus Carnivore: air-hawker Accipiter cooperii Carnivore: air-hawker Accipiter bicolor Carnivore: air-hawker Accipiter gentilis Carnivore: arboreal-hawker Geranospiza caerulescens Carnivore: arboreal-hawker Leucopternis albicollis Buteogallus anthracinus Carnivore: freshwater-forager Buteogallus urubitinga Parabuteo unicinctus Harpyhaliaetus solitarius Buteo magnirostris Buteo lineatus Buteo platypterus Buteo nitidus Buteo brachyurus Carnivore: arboreal-hawker Buteo swainsoni Buteo albicaudatus Buteo albonotatus Buteo jamaicensis Buteo regalis Buteo lagopus Harpia harpyja Carnivore: arboreal-hawker Aquila chrysaetos Spizaetus tyrannus Carnivore: arboreal-hawker Spizaetus ornatus Carnivore: arboreal-hawker Spizaetus melanoleucus Carnivore: arboreal-hawker Falconiformes Falconidae Micrastur ruficollis Micrastur semitorquatus Ibycter americanus Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Caracara cheriway Scavengers Herpetotheres cachinnans Falco sparverius Falco columbarius Carnivore: air-hawker Falco femoralis Carnivore: air-hawker Falco rufigularis Carnivore: air-hawker Falco deiroleucus Carnivore: air-hawker Falco rusticolus Carnivore: air-hawker Falco peregrinus Carnivore: air-hawker Falco mexicanus Carnivore: air-hawker Columbiformes Columbidae Patagioenas cayennensis

3 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 85, 2014 Material suplementario DOI: /rmb Table S1. Continues Patagioenas speciosa Patagioenas leucocephala Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Patagioenas flavirostris Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Patagioenas fasciata Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Patagioenas nigrirostris Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Zenaida asiatica Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Zenaida macroura Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Ectopistes migratorius Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Columbina inca Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Columbina passerina Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Columbina minuta Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Columbina talpacoti Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Claravis pretiosa Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Claravis mondetoura Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Leptotila verreauxi Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Leptotila plumbeiceps Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Leptotila jamaicensis Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Leptotila cassini Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Geotrygon albifacies Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Geotrygon carrikeri Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Geotrygon montana Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Psittaciformes Psittacidae Conuropsis carolinensis Aratinga holochlora Aratinga strenua Aratinga nana Aratinga canicularis Ara militaris Ara macao Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Rhynchopsitta terrisi Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Bolborhynchus lineola Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Forpus cyanopygius Brotogeris jugularis Pyrilia haematotis Pionus senilis Amazona albifrons Amazona xantholora Amazona viridigenalis Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Amazona finschi Amazona autumnalis Amazona farinosa Amazona oratrix Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Amazona auropalliata Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Cuculiformes Cuculidae Piaya cayana Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Coccyzus americanus Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Coccyzus minor Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Coccyzus erythropthalmus Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Tapera naevia Dromococcyx phasianellus Morococcyx erythropygus Geococcyx velox Geococcyx californianus Crotophaga ani Crotophaga sulcirostris Strigiformes Tytonidae Tyto alba Carnivore-nocturnal Strigidae Otus flammeolus Megascops kennicottii

4 González-Salazar et al.- Trophic guilds for birds and mammals Table S1. Continues Megascops asio Megascops seductus Megascops cooperi Megascops trichopsis Megascops barbarus Megascops guatemalae Lophostrix cristata Pulsatrix perspicillata Carnivore-nocturnal Bubo virginianus Carnivore-nocturnal Bubo scandiacus Surnia ulula Glaucidium gnoma Glaucidium griseiceps Glaucidium sanchezi Carnivore-nocturnal Glaucidium palmarum Carnivore-nocturnal Glaucidium brasilianum Micrathene whitneyi Athene cunicularia Ciccaba virgata Carnivore-nocturnal Ciccaba nigrolineata Carnivore-nocturnal Strix occidentalis Carnivore-nocturnal Strix varia Carnivore-nocturnal Strix fulvescens Carnivore-nocturnal Strix nebulosa Carnivore-nocturnal Asio otus Carnivore-nocturnal Asio stygius Carnivore-nocturnal Asio flammeus Pseudoscops clamator Carnivore-nocturnal Aegolius funereus Carnivore-nocturnal Aegolius acadicus Carnivore-nocturnal Caprimulgiformes Caprimulgidae Lurocalis semitorquatus Chordeiles acutipennis Chordeiles minor Nyctidromus albicollis Phalaenoptilus nuttallii Nyctiphrynus mcleodii Nyctiphrynus yucatanicus Caprimulgus carolinensis Caprimulgus salvini Caprimulgus badius Caprimulgus ridgwayi Caprimulgus vociferus Caprimulgus maculicaudus Nyctibiidae Nyctibius grandis Nyctibius jamaicensis Apodiformes Apodidae Cypseloides niger Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Cypseloides storeri Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Streptoprocne rutila Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Streptoprocne zonaris Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Streptoprocne semicollaris Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Chaetura pelagica Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Chaetura vauxi Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Aeronautes saxatalis Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Panyptila cayennensis Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Panyptila sanctihieronymi Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Trochilidae Phaethornis longirostris Phaethornis striigularis

5 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 85, 2014 Material suplementario DOI: /rmb Table S1. Continues Campylopterus curvipennis Campylopterus excellens Campylopterus rufus Campylopterus hemileucurus Florisuga mellivora Colibri thalassinus Anthracothorax prevostii Abeillia abeillei Lophornis brachylophus Lophornis helenae Chlorostilbon auriceps Chlorostilbon canivetii Cynanthus sordidus Cynanthus latirostris Thalurania ridgwayi Hylocharis eliciae Hylocharis leucotis Hylocharis xantusii Amazilia candida Amazilia cyanocephala Amazilia beryllina Amazilia cyanura Amazilia tzacatl Amazilia yucatanensis Amazilia rutila Amazilia violiceps Amazilia viridifrons Eupherusa eximia Eupherusa cyanophrys Eupherusa poliocerca Lampornis viridipallens Lampornis amethystinus Lampornis clemenciae Lamprolaima rhami Eugenes fulgens Heliothryx barroti Heliomaster longirostris Heliomaster constantii Doricha enicura Doricha eliza Tilmatura dupontii Calothorax lucifer Calothorax pulcher Archilochus colubris Archilochus alexandri Calypte anna Calypte costae Stellula calliope Atthis heloisa Atthis ellioti Selasphorus platycercus Selasphorus rufus Selasphorus sasin Trogoniformes Trogonidae Trogon massena Trogon melanocephalus Trogon citreolus Trogon violaceus

6 González-Salazar et al.- Trophic guilds for birds and mammals Table S1. Continues Trogon elegans Trogon mexicanus Trogon collaris Euptilotis neoxenus Pharomachrus mocinno Coraciiformes Momotidae Hylomanes momotula Aspatha gularis Momotus mexicanus Momotus momota Electron carinatum Eumomota superciliosa Coraciiformes Alcedinidae Megaceryle torquata Carnivore: freshwater-forager Megaceryle alcyon Carnivore: freshwater-forager Chloroceryle amazona Carnivore: freshwater-forager Chloroceryle americana Carnivore: freshwater-forager Chloroceryle aenea Carnivore: freshwater-forager Piciformes Bucconidae Notharchus hyperrhynchus Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Malacoptila panamensis Piciformes Galbulidae Galbula ruficauda Ramphastidae Aulacorhynchus prasinus Pteroglossus torquatus Ramphastos sulfuratus Picidae Melanerpes lewis Melanerpes erythrocephalus Melanerpes formicivorus Melanerpes pucherani Melanerpes chrysogenys Melanerpes hypopolius Melanerpes pygmaeus Melanerpes uropygialis Melanerpes aurifrons Melanerpes carolinus Sphyrapicus thyroideus Sphyrapicus varius Sphyrapicus nuchalis Sphyrapicus ruber Picoides scalaris Picoides nuttallii Picoides pubescens Picoides villosus Picoides arizonae Picoides stricklandi Picoides borealis Picoides albolarvatus Picoides dorsalis Picoides arcticus Veniliornis fumigatus Colaptes rubiginosus Colaptes auricularis Colaptes auratus Colaptes chrysoides Celeus castaneus Dryocopus lineatus Dryocopus pileatus Campephilus guatemalensis Campephilus principalis Campephilus imperialis

7 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 85, 2014 Material suplementario DOI: /rmb Table S1. Continues Passeriformes Furnariidae Sclerurus mexicanus Sclerurus guatemalensis Synallaxis erythrothorax Anabacerthia variegaticeps Automolus ochrolaemus Automolus rubiginosus Xenops minutus Dendrocincla anabatina Dendrocincla homochroa Sittasomus griseicapillus Insectivore: bark gleaner Glyphorynchus spirurus Insectivore: bark gleaner Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus Insectivore: bark gleaner Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae Insectivore: bark gleaner Dendrocolaptes picumnus Insectivore: bark gleaner Xiphorhynchus flavigaster Insectivore: bark gleaner Xiphorhynchus erythropygius Insectivore: bark gleaner Lepidocolaptes leucogaster Insectivore: bark gleaner Lepidocolaptes souleyetii Insectivore: bark gleaner Lepidocolaptes affinis Insectivore: bark gleaner Thamnophilidae Taraba major Thamnophilus doliatus Thamnistes anabatinus Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Dysithamnus mentalis Myrmotherula schisticolor Microrhopias quixensis Cercomacra tyrannina Formicariidae Formicarius analis Grallariidae Grallaria guatemalensis Tyrannidae Ornithion semiflavum Camptostoma imberbe Myiopagis viridicata Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Elaenia martinica Elaenia flavogaster Mionectes oleagineus Leptopogon amaurocephalus Zimmerius vilissimus Oncostoma cinereigulare Poecilotriccus sylvia Todirostrum cinereum Rhynchocyclus brevirostris Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Tolmomyias sulphurescens Platyrinchus cancrominus Onychorhynchus coronatus Myiobius sulphureipygius Xenotriccus callizonus Xenotriccus mexicanus Mitrephanes phaeocercus Contopus cooperi Contopus pertinax Contopus sordidulus Contopus virens Contopus cinereus Empidonax flaviventris Empidonax virescens Empidonax alnorum Empidonax traillii Empidonax albigularis

8 González-Salazar et al.- Trophic guilds for birds and mammals Table S1. Continues Empidonax minimus Empidonax hammondii Empidonax wrightii Empidonax oberholseri Empidonax affinis Empidonax difficilis Empidonax occidentalis Empidonax flavescens Empidonax fulvifrons Sayornis nigricans Sayornis phoebe Sayornis saya Pyrocephalus rubinus Attila spadiceus Rhytipterna holerythra Myiarchus yucatanensis Myiarchus tuberculifer Myiarchus cinerascens Myiarchus nuttingi Myiarchus crinitus Myiarchus tyrannulus Deltarhynchus flammulatus Pitangus sulphuratus Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Megarynchus pitangua Myiozetetes similis Myiodynastes maculatus Myiodynastes luteiventris Legatus leucophaius Tyrannus melancholicus Tyrannus couchii Tyrannus vociferans Tyrannus crassirostris Tyrannus verticalis Tyrannus tyrannus Tyrannus dominicensis Tyrannus forficatus Tyrannus savana Schiffornis turdina Laniocera rufescens Pachyramphus cinnamomeus Pachyramphus major Pachyramphus aglaiae Tityra semifasciata Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Tityra inquisitor Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Cotingidae Cotinga amabilis Lipaugus unirufus Pipridae Manacus candei Chiroxiphia linearis Pipra mentalis Laniidae Lanius ludovicianus Lanius excubitor Vireonidae Vireo brevipennis Vireo griseus Vireo pallens Vireo bellii Vireo atricapilla Vireo nelsoni

9 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 85, 2014 Material suplementario DOI: /rmb Table S1. Continues Vireo vicinior Vireo flavifrons Vireo plumbeus Vireo cassinii Vireo solitarius Vireo huttoni Vireo hypochryseus Vireo gilvus Vireo leucophrys Vireo philadelphicus Vireo olivaceus Vireo flavoviridis Vireo magister Hylophilus ochraceiceps Hylophilus decurtatus Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Vireolanius melitophrys Vireolanius pulchellus Cyclarhis gujanensis Corvidae Perisoreus canadensis Cyanolyca mirabilis Omnivore: arboreal forager Cyanolyca nana Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Cyanolyca pumilo Omnivore: arboreal forager Cyanolyca cucullata Omnivore: arboreal forager Calocitta colliei Omnivore: arboreal forager Calocitta formosa Omnivore: arboreal forager Cyanocorax morio Omnivore: arboreal forager Cyanocorax dickeyi Omnivore: arboreal forager Cyanocorax yncas Omnivore: arboreal forager Cyanocorax sanblasianus Omnivore: arboreal forager Cyanocorax yucatanicus Omnivore: arboreal forager Cyanocorax beecheii Omnivore: arboreal forager Cyanocitta stelleri Cyanocitta cristata Aphelocoma coerulescens Aphelocoma californica Aphelocoma ultramarina Aphelocoma unicolor Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus Nucifraga columbiana Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Pica hudsonia Pica nuttalli Corvus brachyrhynchos Corvus caurinus Corvus imparatus Corvus sinaloae Corvus ossifragus Corvus cryptoleucus Corvus corax Alaudidae Eremophila alpestris Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Hirundinidae Progne subis Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Progne sinaloae Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Progne chalybea Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Tachycineta bicolor Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Tachycineta albilinea Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Tachycineta thalassina Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Notiochelidon pileata Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Stelgidopteryx serripennis Insectivore: air hawker above canopy

10 González-Salazar et al.- Trophic guilds for birds and mammals Table S1. Continues Riparia riparia Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Petrochelidon fulva Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Hirundo rustica Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Paridae Poecile carolinensis Poecile atricapillus Poecile gambeli Poecile sclateri Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Poecile rufescens Poecile hudsonicus Poecile cinctus Baeolophus wollweberi Baeolophus inornatus Baeolophus ridgwayi Baeolophus bicolor Baeolophus atricristatus Remizidae Auriparus flaviceps Aegithalidae Psaltriparus minimus Sittidae Sitta canadensis Insectivore: bark gleaner Sitta carolinensis Insectivore: bark gleaner Sitta pygmaea Insectivore: bark gleaner Sitta pusilla Insectivore: bark gleaner Certhiidae Certhia americana Insectivore: bark gleaner Troglodytidae Campylorhynchus zonatus Campylorhynchus megalopterus Campylorhynchus chiapensis Campylorhynchus rufinucha Campylorhynchus gularis Campylorhynchus jocosus Campylorhynchus yucatanicus Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus Salpinctes obsoletus Catherpes mexicanus Hylorchilus sumichrasti Hylorchilus navai Thryothorus maculipectus Thryothorus rufalbus Thryothorus sinaloa Thryothorus pleurostictus Thryothorus ludovicianus Thryothorus felix Thryothorus modestus Thryomanes bewickii Troglodytes aedon Troglodytes rufociliatus Troglodytes hiemalis Cistothorus platensis Cistothorus palustris Uropsila leucogastra Henicorhina leucosticta Henicorhina leucophrys Microcerculus philomela Polioptilidae Ramphocaenus melanurus Polioptila caerulea Polioptila californica Polioptila melanura Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Polioptila nigriceps

11 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 85, 2014 Material suplementario DOI: /rmb Table S1. Continues Polioptila albiloris Polioptila plumbea Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Cinclidae Cinclus mexicanus Carnivore: freshwater-forager Regulidae Regulus satrapa Regulus calendula Phylloscopidae Phylloscopus borealis Sylviidae Chamaea fasciata Turdidae Oenanthe oenanthe Sialia sialis Sialia mexicana Sialia currucoides Myadestes townsendi Myadestes occidentalis Myadestes unicolor Catharus aurantiirostris Catharus occidentalis Catharus frantzii Catharus mexicanus Catharus dryas Catharus fuscescens Catharus minimus Catharus ustulatus Catharus guttatus Hylocichla mustelina Turdus infuscatus Turdus plebejus Turdus grayi Turdus assimilis Turdus rufopalliatus Turdus rufitorques Turdus migratorius Ixoreus naevius Ridgwayia pinicola Mimidae Dumetella carolinensis Melanoptila glabrirostris Mimus polyglottos Mimus gilvus Oreoscoptes montanus Toxostoma rufum Toxostoma longirostre Toxostoma cinereum Toxostoma bendirei Toxostoma ocellatum Toxostoma curvirostre Toxostoma redivivum Toxostoma crissale Toxostoma lecontei Melanotis caerulescens Melanotis hypoleucus Motacillidae Motacilla flava Anthus cervinus Anthus rubescens Anthus spragueii Bombycillidae Bombycilla garrulus Bombycilla cedrorum Ptilogonatidae Ptilogonys cinereus Insectivore: air hawker above canopy Phainopepla nitens

12 González-Salazar et al.- Trophic guilds for birds and mammals Table S1. Continues Peucedramidae Peucedramus taeniatus Calcariidae Calcarius lapponicus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Calcarius ornatus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Calcarius pictus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Rhynchophanes mccownii Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Plectrophenax nivalis Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Parulidae Vermivora bachmanii Vermivora cyanoptera Vermivora chrysoptera Oreothlypis peregrina Oreothlypis celata Oreothlypis ruficapilla Oreothlypis virginiae Oreothlypis crissalis Oreothlypis luciae Oreothlypis superciliosa Parula americana Parula pitiayumi Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Dendroica petechia Dendroica pensylvanica Dendroica magnolia Dendroica tigrina Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Dendroica caerulescens Dendroica coronata Dendroica nigrescens Dendroica chrysoparia Dendroica virens Dendroica townsendi Dendroica occidentalis Dendroica fusca Dendroica dominica Dendroica graciae Dendroica pinus Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Dendroica kirtlandii Dendroica discolor Dendroica palmarum Dendroica castanea Dendroica striata Dendroica cerulea Mniotilta varia Insectivore: bark gleaner Setophaga ruticilla Protonotaria citrea Helmitheros vermivorum Limnothlypis swainsonii Seiurus aurocapilla Parkesia noveboracensis Parkesia motacilla Oporornis formosus Oporornis agilis Oporornis philadelphia Oporornis tolmiei Geothlypis trichas Geothlypis beldingi Geothlypis flavovelata Geothlypis speciosa Geothlypis nelsoni Geothlypis poliocephala

13 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 85, 2014 Material suplementario DOI: /rmb Table S1. Continues Wilsonia citrina Wilsonia pusilla Wilsonia canadensis Cardellina rubrifrons Ergaticus ruber Ergaticus versicolor Myioborus pictus Myioborus miniatus Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Euthlypis lachrymosa Basileuterus culicivorus Basileuterus rufifrons Basileuterus belli Icteria virens Coereba flaveola Thraupidae Chlorospingus ophthalmicus Rhodinocichla rosea Eucometis penicillata Lanio aurantius Ramphocelus sanguinolentus Ramphocelus passerinii Thraupis episcopus Thraupis abbas Tangara cabanisi Tangara larvata Chlorophanes spiza Cyanerpes lucidus Cyanerpes cyaneus Emberizidae Volatinia jacarina Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Sporophila torqueola Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Sporophila minuta Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Oryzoborus funereus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Tiaris olivaceus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Haplospiza rustica Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Diglossa baritula Sicalis luteola Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Arremon aurantiirostris Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Arremon brunneinucha Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Arremon virenticeps Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Arremonops rufivirgatus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Arremonops chloronotus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Atlapetes albinucha Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Atlapetes pileatus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Pipilo ocai Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Pipilo chlorurus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Pipilo maculatus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Pipilo erythrophthalmus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Aimophila rufescens Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Aimophila ruficeps Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Aimophila notosticta Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Melozone leucotis Melozone biarcuata Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Melozone kieneri Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Melozone fusca Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Melozone albicollis Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Melozone crissalis Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Melozone aberti Peucaea sumichrasti Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Peucaea carpalis Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner

14 González-Salazar et al.- Trophic guilds for birds and mammals Table S1. Continues Peucaea ruficauda Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Peucaea humeralis Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Peucaea mystacalis Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Peucaea botterii Peucaea cassinii Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Peucaea aestivalis Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Oriturus superciliosus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Spizella arborea Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Spizella passerina Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Spizella pallida Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Spizella breweri Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Spizella pusilla Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Spizella wortheni Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Spizella atrogularis Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Pooecetes gramineus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Chondestes grammacus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Amphispiza quinquestriata Amphispiza bilineata Amphispiza belli Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Calamospiza melanocorys Passerculus sandwichensis Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Ammodramus savannarum Ammodramus bairdii Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Ammodramus henslowii Ammodramus leconteii Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Ammodramus nelsoni Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Ammodramus caudacutus Ammodramus maritimus Xenospiza baileyi Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Passerella iliaca Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Melospiza melodia Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Melospiza lincolnii Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Melospiza georgiana Zonotrichia capensis Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Zonotrichia albicollis Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Zonotrichia querula Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Zonotrichia leucophrys Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Zonotrichia atricapilla Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Junco hyemalis Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Junco phaeonotus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Cardinalidae Piranga roseogularis Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Piranga flava Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Piranga rubra Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Piranga olivacea Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Piranga ludoviciana Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Piranga bidentata Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Piranga leucoptera Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Piranga erythrocephala Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Habia rubica Habia fuscicauda Caryothraustes poliogaster Rhodothraupis celaeno Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Cardinalis cardinalis Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Cardinalis sinuatus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Pheucticus chrysopeplus Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Pheucticus ludovicianus Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Pheucticus melanocephalus Granatellus venustus

15 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 85, 2014 Material suplementario DOI: /rmb Table S1. Continues Granatellus sallaei Amaurospiza concolor Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Cyanocompsa cyanoides Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Cyanocompsa parellina Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Passerina caerulea Passerina amoena Passerina cyanea Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Passerina rositae Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Passerina leclancherii Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Passerina versicolor Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Passerina ciris Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Spiza americana Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Saltator coerulescens Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Saltator maximus Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Saltator atriceps Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Icteridae Dolichonyx oryzivorus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Agelaius phoeniceus Agelaius tricolor Sturnella magna Sturnella neglecta Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Dives dives Euphagus carolinus Euphagus cyanocephalus Quiscalus quiscula Quiscalus major Quiscalus mexicanus Quiscalus palustris Molothrus aeneus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Molothrus ater Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Molothrus oryzivorus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Icterus wagleri Icterus maculialatus Icterus prosthemelas Icterus spurius Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Icterus cucullatus Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Icterus chrysater Icterus mesomelas Icterus pustulatus Icterus bullockii Icterus auratus Icterus pectoralis Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Icterus gularis Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Icterus graduacauda Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Icterus galbula Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Icterus abeillei Icterus parisorum Insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner Amblycercus holosericeus Omnivore: arboreal forager Cacicus melanicterus Omnivore: arboreal forager Psarocolius wagleri Psarocolius montezuma Fringillidae Euphonia affinis Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Euphonia hirundinacea Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Euphonia elegantissima Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Euphonia gouldi Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Euphonia minuta Frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner Chlorophonia occipitalis Leucosticte tephrocotis Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner

16 González-Salazar et al.- Trophic guilds for birds and mammals Table S1. Continues Leucosticte atrata Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Leucosticte australis Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Pinicola enucleator Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Carpodacus purpureus Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Carpodacus cassinii Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Carpodacus mexicanus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Loxia curvirostra Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Loxia leucoptera Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Acanthis flammea Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Acanthis hornemanni Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Spinus pinus Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Spinus atriceps Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Spinus notatus Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Spinus psaltria Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Spinus lawrencei Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Spinus tristis Granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner Coccothraustes abeillei Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Coccothraustes vespertinus Granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner Table S2. Taxonomic list of mammals and their trophic guilds Didelphimorphia Didelphidae Marmosa mexicana Insectivore: arborea lforager Tlacuatzin canescens Insectivore: arborea lforager Metachirus nudicaudatus Omnivore-nocturnal Philander opossum Omnivore-nocturnal Chironectes minimus Carnivore: freshwater forager Didelphis marsupialis Omnivore-nocturnal Didelphis virginiana Omnivore-nocturnal Caluromys derbianus Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Cingulata Dasypodidae Dasypus novemcinctus Insectivore: ground forager-nocturnal Dasypodidae Cabassous centralis Insectivore: ground forager-nocturnal Pilosa Cyclopedidae Cyclopes didactylus Insectivore: arborea lforager Myrmecophagidae Tamandua mexicana Insectivore: arborea lforager Lagomorpha Leporidae Lepus alleni Lepus californicus Lepus callotis Lepus flavigularis Lepus americanus Lepus arcticus Lepus othus Lepus townsendii Sylvilagus audubonii Sylvilagus bachmani Sylvilagus brasiliensis Sylvilagus cunicularius Sylvilagus floridanus Sylvilagus insonus Sylvilagus aquaticus Sylvilagus nuttallii Sylvilagus obscurus Sylvilagus palustris Sylvilagus transitionalis Sylvilagus robustus Romerolagus diazi Brachylagus idahoensis

17 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 85, 2014 Material suplementario DOI: /rmb Table S2. Continues Ochotonidae Ochotona collaris Ochotona princeps Rodentia Aplodontidae Aplodontia rufa Sciuridae Sciurus aberti Herbivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Sciurus alleni Herbivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Sciurus arizonensis Herbivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Sciurus aureogaster Herbivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Sciurus colliaei Herbivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Sciurus carolinensis Granivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Sciurus deppei Frugivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Sciurus griseus Granivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Sciurus nayaritensis Granivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Sciurus niger Granivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Sciurus oculatus Granivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Sciurus variegatoides Frugivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Sciurus yucatanensis Frugivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Spermophilus adocetus Spermophilus annulatus Spermophilus atricapillus Spermophilus armatus Spermophilus beecheyi Spermophilus beldingi Spermophilus brunneus Spermophilus canus Spermophilus columbianus Spermophilus elegans Spermophilus franklinii Spermophilus lateralis Spermophilus madrensis Spermophilus mexicanus Spermophilus mohavensis Spermophilus mollis Spermophilus parryii Spermophilus perotensis Spermophilus richardsonii Spermophilus saturatus Spermophilus spilosoma Spermophilus tereticaudus Spermophilus townsendii Spermophilus tridecemlineatus Spermophilus variegatus Spermophilus washingtoni Ammospermophilus harrisii Ammospermophilus interpres Ammospermophilus leucurus Omnivore-diurnal Ammospermophilus nelsoni Cynomys ludovicianus Cynomys mexicanus Cynomys gunnisoni Cynomys leucurus Cynomys parvidens Tamias alpinus Tamias amoenus Tamias bulleri Tamias canipes Tamias cinereicollis Tamias dorsalis

18 González-Salazar et al.- Trophic guilds for birds and mammals Table S2. Continues Tamias durangae Tamias merriami Tamias minimus Tamias obscurus Tamias ochrogenys Tamias palmeri Tamias panamintinus Tamias quadrimaculatus Tamias quadrivittatus Tamias ruficaudus Tamias rufus Tamias senex Tamias siskiyou Tamias sonomae Granivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Tamias speciosus Tamias striatus Tamias townsendii Frugivore: ground forager-diurnal Tamias umbrinus Granivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Tamiasciurus mearnsi Granivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Tamiasciurus douglasii Granivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Granivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Glaucomys sabrinus Granivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Glaucomys volans Granivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Marmota broweri Marmota caligata Marmota flaviventris Marmota monax Marmota olympus Castoridae Castor canadensis Herbivore: freshwater forager Heteromyidae Dipodomys agilis Dipodomys californicus Dipodomys compactus Dipodomys deserti Dipodomys elator Dipodomys elephantinus Dipodomys gravipes Dipodomys heermanni Dipodomys ingens Dipodomys merriami Dipodomys microps Dipodomys nelsoni Dipodomys nitratoides Dipodomys ordii Dipodomys panamintinus Dipodomys phillipsii Dipodomys simulans Dipodomys spectabilis Dipodomys stephensi Dipodomys venustus Heteromys desmarestianus Heteromys gaumeri Heteromys nelsoni Liomys irroratus Liomys pictus Liomys salvini Liomys spectabilis Chaetodipus arenarius

19 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 85, 2014 Material suplementario DOI: /rmb Table S2. Continues Chaetodipus artus Chaetodipus baileyi Chaetodipus californicus Chaetodipus eremicus Chaetodipus fallax Chaetodipus formosus Chaetodipus goldmani Chaetodipus hispidus Chaetodipus intermedius Chaetodipus lineatus Chaetodipus nelsoni Chaetodipus penicillatus Chaetodipus pernix Chaetodipus rudinoris Chaetodipus spinatus Microdipodops megacephalus Microdipodops pallidus Perognathus alticola Perognathus amplus Perognathus fasciatus Perognathus flavescens Perognathus flavus Perognathus inornatus Perognathus longimembris Perognathus merriami Perognathus parvus Geomydae Cratogeomys castanops Cratogeomys fumosus Cratogeomys goldmani Cratogeomys gymnurus Cratogeomys merriami Cratogeomys neglectus Cratogeomys tylorhinus Cratogeomys zinseri Geomys arenarius Geomys attwateri Geomys breviceps Geomys bursarius Geomys knoxjonesi Geomys personatus Geomys pinetis Geomys texensis Geomys tropicalis Orthogeomys cuniculus Orthogeomys grandis Orthogeomys hispidus Orthogeomys lanius Pappogeomys bulleri Thomomys bottae Thomomys bulbivorus Thomomys clusius Thomomys idahoensis Thomomys mazama Thomomys monticola Thomomys talpoides Thomomys townsendii Thomomys umbrinus

20 González-Salazar et al.- Trophic guilds for birds and mammals Table S2. Continues Zygogeomys trichopus Dipodidae Napaeozapus insignis Zapus hudsonius Zapus princeps Zapus trinotatus Cricetidae Arborimus albipes Arborimus longicaudus Herbivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Arborimus pomo Herbivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Baiomys musculus Baiomys taylori Clethrionomys californicus Clethrionomys gapperi Clethrionomys rutilus Dicrostonyx groenlandicus Dicrostonyx hudsonius Dicrostonyx nelsoni Dicrostonyx richardsoni Habromys chinanteco Granivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Habromys delicatulus Granivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Habromys ixtlani Granivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Habromys lepturus Granivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Habromys lophurus Granivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Habromys simulatus Granivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Hodomys alleni Lemmiscus curtatus Lemmus trimucronatus Megadontomys cryophilus Megadontomys nelsoni Megadontomys thomasi Microtus californicus Microtus canicaudus Microtus chrotorrhinus Microtus guatemalensis Microtus longicaudus Microtus mexicanus Microtus miurus Microtus mogollonensis Microtus montanus Microtus oaxacensis Microtus ochrogaster Microtus oeconomus Microtus oregoni Microtus pennsylvanicus Microtus pinetorum Microtus richardsoni Microtus townsendii Microtus quasiater Microtus umbrosus Microtus xanthognathus Neofiber alleni Herbivore: freshwater forager Nelsonia goldmani Nelsonia neotomodon Neotoma albigula Neotoma angustapalata Neotoma cinerea Neotoma devia Neotoma floridana

21 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 85, 2014 Material suplementario DOI: /rmb Table S2. Continues Neotoma fuscipes Neotoma goldmani Neotoma lepida Neotoma leucodon Neotoma macrotis Neotoma magister Neotoma mexicana Neotoma micropus Neotoma nelsoni Neotoma palatina Neotoma phenax Neotoma stephensi Neotomodon alstoni Nyctomys sumichrasti Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Ochrotomys nuttalli Granivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Oligoryzomys fulvescens Ondatra zibethicus Herbivore: freshwater forager Onychomys arenicola Insectivore: ground forager-nocturnal Onychomys leucogaster Insectivore: ground forager-nocturnal Onychomys torridus Insectivore: ground forager-nocturnal Oryzomys alfaroi Oryzomys chapmani Oryzomys couesi Omnivore-nocturnal Oryzomys melanotis Oryzomys palustris Omnivore-nocturnal Oryzomys rhabdops Oryzomys rostratus Oryzomys saturatior Osgoodomys banderanus Herbivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Otonyctomys hatti Ototylomys phyllotis Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Peromyscus attwateri Peromyscus aztecus Peromyscus beatae Insectivore: ground forager-nocturnal Peromyscus boylii Insectivore: ground forager-nocturnal Peromyscus bullatus Peromyscus californicus Peromyscus crinitus Peromyscus difficilis Peromyscus eremicus Peromyscus eva Peromyscus fraterculus Peromyscus furvus Peromyscus gossypinus Peromyscus gratus Peromyscus guatemalensis Peromyscus gymnotis Peromyscus hooperi Peromyscus hylocetes Peromyscus keeni Peromyscus leucopus Peromyscus levipes Peromyscus maniculatus Peromyscus megalops Peromyscus mekisturus Peromyscus melanocarpus Peromyscus melanophrys

22 González-Salazar et al.- Trophic guilds for birds and mammals Table S2. Continues Peromyscus melanotis Peromyscus melanurus Peromyscus merriami Peromyscus mexicanus Insectivore: ground forager-nocturnal Peromyscus nasutus Peromyscus ochraventer Peromyscus pectoralis Peromyscus perfulvus Peromyscus polius Peromyscus polionotus Peromyscus sagax Peromyscus simulus Peromyscus spicilegus Peromyscus truei Peromyscus winkelmanni Peromyscus yucatanicus Peromyscus zarhynchus Phenacomys intermedius Phenacomys ungava Podomys floridanus Reithrodontomys bakeri Reithrodontomys burti Reithrodontomys chrysopsis Herbivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Reithrodontomys fulvescens Insectivore: arborea lforager Reithrodontomys gracilis Reithrodontomys hirsutus Reithrodontomys humulis Reithrodontomys megalotis Reithrodontomys mexicanus Granivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Reithrodontomys microdon Herbivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Reithrodontomys montanus Reithrodontomys raviventris Herbivore: freshwater forager Reithrodontomys sumichrasti Reithrodontomys tenuirostris Reithrodontomys zacatecae Rheomys mexicanus Carnivore: freshwater forager Rheomys thomasi Carnivore: freshwater forager Scotinomys teguina Sigmodon alleni Omnivore-diurnal Sigmodon arizonae Sigmodon fulviventer Sigmodon hispidus Sigmodon leucotis Sigmodon mascotensis Sigmodon ochrognathus Synaptomys borealis Synaptomys cooperi Tylomys bullaris Herbivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Tylomys nudicaudus Herbivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Tylomys tumbalensis Herbivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Xenomys nelsoni Herbivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Erethizontidae Coendou mexicanus Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Erethizon dorsatum Cuniculidae Cuniculus paca Dasyproctidae Dasyprocta mexicana Frugivore: ground forager-diurnal Dasyprocta punctata Frugivore: ground forager-diurnal Carnivora Felidae Puma yagouaroundi Carnivore: ground hunter-diurnal

23 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 85, 2014 Material suplementario DOI: /rmb Table S2. Continues Leopardus pardalis Carnivore: ground hunter-diurnal Leopardus wiedii Lynx rufus Lynx canadensis Carnivore: ground hunter-diurnal Puma concolor Panthera onca Canidae Alopex lagopus Vulpes velox Vulpes vulpes Vulpes macrotis Urocyon cinereoargenteus Omnivore-nocturnal Canis latrans Omnivore-nocturnal Canis lupus Canis rufus Ursidae Ursus americanus Omnivore-diurnal Ursus arctos Omnivore-diurnal Ursus maritimus Carnivore: freshwater forager Mustelidae Lontra canadensis Carnivore: freshwater forager Lontra longicaudis Carnivore: freshwater forager Eira barbara Omnivore-diurnal Galictis vittata Mustela erminea Mustela frenata Carnivore: ground hunter-diurnal Mustela nigripes Mustela nivalis Carnivore: ground hunter-diurnal Mustela vison Taxidea taxus Martes americana Omnivore-diurnal Martes pennanti Omnivore-diurnal Gulo gulo Mephitidae Conepatus leuconotus Insectivore: ground forager-nocturnal Conepatus semistriatus Insectivore: ground forager-nocturnal Mephitis mephitis Insectivore: ground forager-nocturnal Mephitis macroura Insectivore: ground forager-nocturnal Spilogale gracilis Insectivore: ground forager-nocturnal Spilogale putorius Insectivore: ground forager-nocturnal Spilogale pygmaea Insectivore: ground forager-nocturnal Procyonidae Potos flavus Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Bassariscus astutus Omnivore-nocturnal Bassariscus sumichrasti Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Nasua narica Omnivore-diurnal Procyon lotor Omnivore-nocturnal Soricomorpha Soricidae Cryptotis alticola Cryptotis goldmani Cryptotis goodwini Cryptotis griseoventris Cryptotis magna Cryptotis mayensis Cryptotis merriami Cryptotis mexicana Cryptotis nelsoni Cryptotis obscura Cryptotis parva Cryptotis peregrina Cryptotis phillipsii Megasorex gigas Notiosorex crawfordi

24 González-Salazar et al.- Trophic guilds for birds and mammals Table S2. Continues Notiosorex cockrumi Notiosorex evotis Notiosorex villai Sorex arcticus Sorex arizonae Sorex emarginatus Sorex macrodon Sorex merriami Sorex milleri Sorex monticolus Sorex oreopolus Sorex ornatus Sorex saussurei Sorex sclateri Sorex stizodon Sorex ventralis Sorex veraepacis Sorex bairdii Sorex bendirii Sorex cinereus Sorex dispar Sorex fumeus Sorex gaspensis Sorex haydeni Sorex hoyi Sorex longirostris Sorex lyelli Sorex nanus Sorex neomexicanus Sorex pacificus Sorex palustris Sorex preblei Sorex sonomae Sorex tenellus Sorex trowbridgii Sorex tundrensis Sorex ugyunak Sorex vagrans Blarina brevicauda Insectivore fossorial Blarina carolinensis Insectivore fossorial Blarina hylophaga Insectivore fossorial Talpidae Neurotrichus gibbsii Insectivore fossorial Scalopus aquaticus Insectivore fossorial Scapanus latimanus Insectivore fossorial Scapanus orarius Insectivore fossorial Scapanus townsendii Insectivore fossorial Parascalops breweri Insectivore fossorial Condylura cristata Carnivore: freshwater forager Chiroptera Emballonuridae Rhynchonycteris naso Centronycteris centralis Balantiopteryx io Balantiopteryx plicata Saccopteryx bilineata Saccopteryx leptura Peropteryx kappleri Peropteryx macrotis Diclidurus albus

25 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 85, 2014 Material suplementario DOI: /rmb Table S2. Continues Noctilionidae Noctilio albiventris Noctilio leporinus Carnivore: freshwater forager Mormoopidae Pteronotus davyi Pteronotus gymnonotus Pteronotus parnellii Pteronotus personatus Mormoops megalophylla Phyllostomidae Macrotus californicus Insectivore substrate forager-nocturnal Macrotus waterhousii Insectivore substrate forager-nocturnal Micronycteris microtis Insectivore substrate forager-nocturnal Micronycteris schmidtorum Insectivore substrate forager-nocturnal Lampronycteris brachyotis Insectivore substrate forager-nocturnal Diphylla ecaudata Sanguinivore Desmodus rotundus Sanguinivore Diaemus youngi Sanguinivore Lonchorhina aurita Macrophyllum macrophyllum Trachops cirrhosus Lophostoma brasiliense Insectivore substrate forager-nocturnal Lophostoma evotis Insectivore substrate forager-nocturnal Tonatia saurophila Insectivore substrate forager-nocturnal Mimon cozumelae Insectivore substrate forager-nocturnal Mimon crenulatum Insectivore substrate forager-nocturnal Phylloderma stenops Insectivore substrate forager-nocturnal Phyllostomus discolor -nocturnal Chrotopterus auritus Vampyrum spectrum Glossophaga commissarisi -nocturnal Glossophaga leachii -nocturnal Glossophaga morenoi -nocturnal Glossophaga soricina -nocturnal Leptonycteris curasoae -nocturnal Leptonycteris nivalis -nocturnal Anoura geoffroyi Insectivore substrate forager-nocturnal Hylonycteris underwoodi -nocturnal Choeroniscus godmani -nocturnal Choeronycteris mexicana -nocturnal Musonycteris harrisoni -nocturnal Lichonycteris obscura -nocturnal Carollia perspicillata Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Carollia sowelli Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Carollia subrufa Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Glyphonycteris sylvestris Insectivore substrate forager-nocturnal Sturnira lilium Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Sturnira ludovici Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Chiroderma salvini Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Chiroderma villosum Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Uroderma bilobatum Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Uroderma magnirostrum Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Vampyrodes caraccioli Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Vampyressa thyone Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Platyrrhinus helleri Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Enchisthenes hartii Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Artibeus hirsutus Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Artibeus intermedius Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Artibeus jamaicensis Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Artibeus lituratus Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal

26 González-Salazar et al.- Trophic guilds for birds and mammals Table S2. Continues Dermanura azteca Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Dermanura phaeotis Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Dermanura tolteca Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Dermanura watsoni Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Centurio senex Frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal Molossidae Cynomops mexicanus Eumops auripendulus Eumops bonariensis Eumops glaucinus Eumops hansae Eumops perotis Eumops underwoodi Molossus aztecus Molossus coibensis Molossus molossus Molossus rufus Molossus sinaloae Nyctinomops aurispinosus Nyctinomops femorosaccus Nyctinomops laticaudatus Nyctinomops macrotis Promops centralis Tadarida brasiliensis Vespertilionidae Corynorhinus mexicanus Corynorhinus rafinesquii Corynorhinus townsendii Eptesicus brasiliensis Eptesicus furinalis Eptesicus fuscus Euderma maculatum Idionycteris phyllotis Insectivore substrate forager-nocturnal Lasionycteris noctivagans Lasiurus blossevillii Lasiurus borealis Lasiurus cinereus Lasiurus ega Lasiurus intermedius Lasiurus xanthinus Lasiurus seminolus Myotis albescens Myotis auriculus Myotis austroriparius Myotis californicus Myotis carteri Myotis ciliolabrum Myotis elegans Myotis evotis Myotis grisescens Myotis keenii Myotis leibii Myotis lucifugus Myotis septentrionalis Myotis fortidens Myotis sodalis Myotis keaysi Myotis nigricans Myotis occultus

27 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 85, 2014 Material suplementario DOI: /rmb Table S2. Continues Myotis peninsularis Myotis planiceps Myotis thysanodes Myotis velifer Myotis vivesi Carnivore: freshwater forager Myotis volans Myotis yumanensis Nycticeius humeralis Parastrellus hesperus Perimyotis subflavus Rhogeessa aeneus Baeodon alleni Rhogeessa genowaysi Rhogeessa gracilis Rhogeessa mira Rhogeessa parvula Rhogeessa tumida Antrozous pallidus Insectivore substrate forager-nocturnal Bauerus dubiaquercus Insectivore substrate forager-nocturnal Thyropteridae Thyroptera tricolor Natalidae Natalus stramineus Primates Atelidae Alouatta palliata Frugivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Alouatta pigra Frugivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Ateles geoffroyi Frugivore: arboreal forager-diurnal Artiodactyla Tayassuidae Pecari tajacu Tayassu pecari Antilocapridae Antilocapra americana Grazer Cervidae Odocoileus hemionus Grazer Odocoileus virginianus Grazer Mazama americana Grazer Mazama pandora Grazer Cervus elaphus Grazer Alces alces Grazer Rangifer tarandus Grazer Ovidae Oreamnos americanus Grazer Ovibos moschatus Grazer Ovis canadensis Grazer Ovis dalli Grazer Bison bison Grazer Perissodactyla Tapiridae Tapirus bairdii Appendix 1. References used to obtain ecological information for both groups. For birds Arriaga-Weiss, S. L., S. Calmé and C. Kampichler Bird communities in rainforest fragments: guild responses to habitat variables in Tabasco, Mexico. Biodiversity and Conservation 17: Ayala-Islas, D. E Ficha técnica de Nyctiphrynus mcleodii. In Fichas sobre las especies de aves incluidas en el Proyecto de Norma Oficial Mexicana PROY-NOM-ECOL Parte 2, P. Escalante-Pliego (compilador). Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Bases de datos SNIB-Conabio. Proyecto Núm. W042. México, D. F. Beltzer, H. A., M. Quiroga and S. L. Comini Feeding ecology of the Grayish Saltator Saltator coerulescens (Aves: Emberizidae) in the Parana river floodplain (Argentina). Orsis 19: Bent, A. C Life histories of North American gallinaceus birds. U. S. National Museum Bulletin 162. Dover Publications. New York. 490 p. Bent, A. C Life histories of North American flycatchers, larks, swallows, and their allies. U. S. National Museum Bulletin 179. Dover Publications. New York. 559 p. Bent, A. C Life histories of North American wagtails, shrikes, vireos, and their allies. U. S. National Museum Bulletin 197. Dover Publ. New York. 411 p.

28 González-Salazar et al.- Trophic guilds for birds and mammals Bó, M. S., A. V. Baladrón and L. M. Biondi Ecología trófica de falconiformes y strigiformes: Tiempo de síntesis. Hornero 22: Castaño, V. G. J Inventario preliminar de aves y mamíferos presentes en fragmentos boscosos en el medio San Jorge, departamento de Córdova. Crónica Forestal y del Medio Ambiente 13:1-9. Curiel-Cante, D., E. Díaz-Islas and P. Escalante-Pliego Ficha técnica de Geotrygon carrikeri. In Fichas sobre las especies de aves incluidas en el Proyecto de Norma Oficial Mexicana PROY-NOM-ECOL Parte 2, P. Escalante- Pliego (compilador). Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Bases de datos SNIB- Conabio. Proyecto Núm. W042. México, D. F. De Magalháes, A. C Hábitos alimentares e estratégia de forrageamento de Rostrhamus sociabilis no Pantanal de mato Grosso, Brasil. Ararajuba 1: Ehrlich, P., D. Dobki and D. Wheye The Birder s handbook. Simon and Schuster, New York. 785 p. Erard, Ch., M. Thery and D. Sabatier Régime alimentaire de Tinamus major (Tinamidae), Crax alector (Cracidae) et Psophia crepitans (Psophiidae), en forêt Guyanaise. Gibier Faune Sauvage 8: Gómez-de Silva, H., A. Oliveras-de Ita and R. A. Medellín Amazona viridigenalis. Vertebrados superiores exóticos en México: diversidad, distribución y efectos potenciales. Instituto de Ecología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Bases de datos SNIB-Conabio. Proyecto U020. México, D. F. Hutto, L. R Winter habitat distribution of migratory land birds in western Mexico, with special reference to small foliage-gleaning insectivores. In Migrant birds in the neotropics: ecology, behavior, distribution and conservation, A Keast and E. S. Morton (eds.). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D. C. 576 p. Kaufman, K Lives of North American birds. Houghton Mifflin Company. Boston. 675 p. Kenneth, D., S. Meyer, M. McGehee and M. Collopy, Food deliveries at swallow-tailed kite nests in southern Florida. The Condor 106: Kissling, W. D., K. Böhning-Gaese and W. Jetz The global distribution of frugivory in birds. Global Ecology and Biogeography 18: Levey, J. D Spatial and temporal variation in costarican fruit and fruit-eating bird abundance. Ecological Monographs 58: Martínez-Morales, M. A Ficha técnica de Glaucidium sanchezi. In Fichas sobre las especies de aves incluidas en el Proyecto de Norma Oficial Mexicana PROY-NOM-ECOL Parte 2, P. Escalante-Pliego (compilador). Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Bases de datos SNIB-Conabio. Proyecto Núm. W042. México, D. F. Márquez, C., M. Bechard, F. Gast and V. H. Vanegas Aves rapaces diurnas de Colombia. Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. Bogotá, D. C. Colombia. 394 p. Morgenthaler, A Ecology of the black catbird, Melanoptila glabrirostris, at Shipstern Nature Reserve (Belize), and distribution in Yucatán. University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland Institute of Zoology. 94 p. Noguera, F. A., J. H. Vega-Rivera, A. N. García-Aldrete and M. Quesada-Avendaño Historia natural de Chamela. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F. 568 p. Oleyar, M. D., C. D. Marti and M. Mika Vertebrate prey in the diet of flammulated owls in Northern Utah. Journal of Raptor Research 37: Pereira, I. A. and G. Barrantes Distribución y densidad de la avifauna de la península de Osa, Costa Rica ( ). Revista de Biología Tropical 57: Ramírez-Albores, J. E Diversidad de aves de hábitats naturales y modificados en un paisaje de la depresión central de Chiapas, México. Revista de Biología Tropical 58: Ramírez-Albores, E. J. and M. G. Ramírez-Cedillo Avifauna de la región oriente de la sierra de Huautla, Morelos, México. Anales del Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Serie Zoología 73: Ramírez-Albores, E. J Variación en la composición de comunidades de aves en la Reserva de la Biosfera Montes Azules y áreas adyacentes, Chiapas, México. Biota Neotropica 6:1-19. Ridgely, S. R. and G. Tudor The birds of South America. Vol. I. University of Texas Press, Austin. 516 p. Ridgely, S. R. and G. Tudor The birds of South America. Vol. II. University of Texas Press, Austin. 814 p. Rivera-Gutiérrez, H. F Composición y estructura de una comunidad de aves en un área suburbana en el suroccidente colombiano. Ornitología Colombiana 4: Rodríguez, B. F. J., N. A Navarrete-Salgado, E. Trujillo-Pérez and G. Contreras-Rivero Contribución al estudio avifaunístico del área de estanques rurales en Soyaniquilpan de Juárez, Estado de México. Revista de Zoología 18: Seamans, E. M. and R. J. Gutiérrez Diet composition and reproductive success of Mexican spotted owls. Journal of Raptor Research 33: Semarnat (Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales) Plan de manejo tipo para codornices. Dirección General de Vida Silvestre. México. D. F. 43 p. Wallace, R. T. Jr., M. M. Dias, S. M. Jr. De Azevedo, R. M. De Lyra-Neves and M. E. De Larrazábal Estructura trófica da avifauna na Reserva Estadual de Gurjaú, zona de Mata Sul, Pernambuco. Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 22: Wetmore, A The birds of the Republic of Panamá. Part 4.Smithsonian miscellaneous collections. 631 p. Wetmore, A., R. F. Pasquier and S. L. Olson The birds of the Republic of Panamá. Part 3. Smithsonian miscellaneous collections. 670 p. Wiggins, D American three-toed woodpecker (Picoides dorsalis): a technical conservation assessment. USDA Forest

29 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 85, 2014 Material suplementario DOI: /rmb Service, Rocky Mountain Region. Available: fs.fed.us/r2/projects/scp/assessments/americanthreetoedwoo dpecker.pd; última consulta: 08.VI Zeballos, H., L. Villegas, R. Gutiérrez, K. Caballero and P. Jiménez Vertebrados de las lomas de Atiquipa y Mejía, sur del Perú. Revista de Ecología Latinoamericana 7: Online resources: SubGrupoand-error=norec.htmland-Format=comun. h tml a n d -Ma x = 3 0 a n d - S o r t F i e l d = s u b g r u p o a n d -Op=eqandgrupo_id=9and-Find For mammals Álvarez-Castañeda, S. T. and N. González-Ruiz Peromyscus levipes (Rodentia: Cricetidae). Mammalian Species 824:1-6. Álvarez-Romero, J. and R. A. Medellín Ammospermophilus leucurus. Vertebrados superiores exóticos en México: diversidad, distribución y efectos potenciales. Instituto de Ecología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Bases de datos SNIB-Conabio. Proyecto U020. México, D. F. Aranda, M., N. López-Rivera and L. López-De Buen Hábitos alimentarios del coyote (Canis latrans) en la sierra del Ajusco, México. Acta Zoológica Mexicana 65: Arita, H. T. and G. Rodríguez Patrones geográficos de diversidad de los mamíferos terrestres de América del Norte. Instituto de Ecología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Base de datos SNIB-Conabio proyecto Q068. México, D. F. Caballero-Martínez, L. A., I. V. Rivas-Manzano and L. I. Aguilera-Gómez Hábitos alimentarios de Anoura geoffroyi (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) en Ixtapa del Oro, Estado de México. Acta Zoológica Mexicana 25: Ceballos, G Comparative natural history of small mammals from tropical forests in Western México. Journal of Mammalogy 71: Ceballos, G. and G. Oliva Los mamíferos silvestres de México. Conabio-Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México-Fondo de Cultura Económica, México, D. F. 986 p. Cudworth, N. L. and J. L. Koprowski Microtus californicus (Rodentia: Cricetidae). Mammalian Species 42: Dragoo, W. J. and S. R. Sheffield Conepatus leuconotus (Carnivora: Mephitidae). Mammalian Species 827:1-8. Feeman, W. P Correspondence of food habits and morphology in insectivorous bats. Journal of Mammalogy 62: Feldhamer, A. G., L. C. Drickamer, S. H. Vessey and J. F. Merritt Mammalogy: adaptation, diversity, and ecology. Mc Graw-Hill. Boston. 563 p. Fernández, J. A., F. García-Campusano and M. Hafner Peromyscus difficilis (Rodentia: Cricetidae). Mammalian Species 42: Fleming, T. H., E. T. Hooper and D. E. Wilson Three Central American bat communities: structure, reproductive cycles, and movement patterns. Ecology 53: Galindo-González, J Dispersión de semillas por murciélagos: su importancia en la conservación y regeneración del bosque tropical. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (nueva serie) 73: Genoways, H. H. and J. H. Brown Biology of the Heteromyidae. The American Society of Mammalogists. Harvard University. 742 p. González-Ruiz, N., S. T. Álvarez-Castañeda and T. Álvarez Distribution, taxonomy, and conservation status of the perote mouse Peromyscus bullatus (Rodentia: Muridae) in Mexico. Biodiversity and Conservation 14: Hather, A Observations of frugivory in Phylloderma stenops (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae). Caribbean Journal of Science 44: Humphrey, R. S., F. J. Bonaccorso and T. L. Zinn Guild structure of surface-gleaning bats in Panamá. Ecology 64: Íñiguez-Dávalos, L. I. and E. Santana-Castellón Análisis mastofaunístico del estado de Jalisco. In Contribuciones mastozoológicas en homenaje a Bernardo Villa, V. Sánchez- Cordero and R. A. Medellín (eds.). Instituto de Biología e Instituto de Ecología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. México, D. F. 500 p. Kalcounis-Rueppell, M. C. and T. R. Spoon Peromyscus boylii (Rodentia: Cricetidae). Mammalian Species 838:1-14. Kunz, H. T. and J. O. Jr.Whitaker An evaluation of fecal analysis for determining food habits of insectivorous bats. Canadian Journal of Zoology 61: Kunz, H. T. and M. Brock-Fenton Bat ecology. The University of Chicago Press. Chicago, Illinois. 779 p. MacSwiney, G. M. C., S. Hernández-Betancourt and R. Ávila- Flores Otonyctomys hatti (Rodentia: Cricetidae). Mammalian Species 825:1-5. Navarrete, D. and J. Ortega Tamandua mexicana (Pilosa: Myrmecophagidae). Mammalian Species 43: Norberg, U. M. and J. M. Rayner Ecological morphology and flight in bats (Mammalia; Chiroptera): wing adaptations, flight performance, foraging strategy and echolocation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences 316: Sánchez-Hernández, C., G. D. Schnell and M. L. Romero- Almaraz Peromyscus perfulvus (Rodentia: Cricetidae). Mammalian Species 833: 1-8. Trujano-Álvarez, A. L. and S. T. Álvarez-Castañeda Peromyscus mexicanus (Rodentia: Cricetidae). Mammalian Species 42: Volh, E. H., C. Maser and M. L. Johnson Food habits of Arborimus albipes, the white-footed vole, in Oregon. Northrwest Science 57:1-7. Whilaker, J. O. Jr, C. Maset and L. E. Kellel Food habits

30 González-Salazar et al.- Trophic guilds for birds and mammals of bats of Western Oregon. Northwest Science 51: Wilson, D. E. and S. Ruff The Smithsonian book of North American mammals. Online resources: SubGrupoand-error=norec.htmland-Format=comun. h tml a n d -Ma x = 3 0 a n d - S o r t F i e l d = s u b g r u p o a n d -Op=eqandgrupo_id=9and-Find Appendix 2. Ecological guilds of mammals and birds clustered by main food, foraging substrate and activity period. Dendrogram 1a, mammals guilds: 1= carnivore: ground hunterdiurnal, 2= carnivore: ground hunter-nocturnal, 3= carnivore: freshwater forager, 4= frugivore: arboreal forager-diurnal, 5= frugivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal, 6= frugivore: ground forager-diurnal, 7= granivore: arboreal forager-diurnal, 8= granivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal, 9= granivore: ground forager-diurnal, 10= granivore: ground forager-nocturnal, 11= herbivore: arboreal forager-diurnal, 12= herbivore: arboreal forager-nocturnal, 13= herbivore fossorial, 14= herbivore: ground forager-diurnal, 15= herbivore: ground forager-nocturnal, 16= herbivore: freshwater forager, 17= insectivore: aerial hawker-nocturnal, 18= insectivore: arboreal forager, 19= insectivore fossorial, 20= insectivore ground forager-diurnal, 21= insectivore: ground foragernocturnal, 22= insectivore substrate forager-nocturnal, 23= nectarivore-nocturnal, 24= omnivore-diurnal, 25= omnivorenocturnal, 26= grazer, 27= sanguinivore. Dendrogram 1b, birds guilds: 1= carnivore: air-hawker, 2= carnivore: arboreal-hawker, 3= carnivore: ground-hawker, 4= carnivore-nocturnal, 5= frugivore: ground to lower canopy gleaner, 6= frugivore: upper-canopy gleaner, 7= granivore: ground to undergrowth gleaner, 8= granivore: lower to upper canopy gleaner, 9= herbivores: ground forager, 10= insectivore: air hawker above canopy, 11= insectivore: air hawker under canopy, 12= insectivore: bark excavator, 13= insectivore: bark gleaner, 14= insectivore: ground gleaner, 15= insectivore: lower canopy foliage gleaner, 16= insectivore: upper canopy foliage gleaner, 17= insectivorenocturnal, 18= nectarivore, 19= omnivore: arboreal forager, 20= omnivore: ground forager, 22= carnivore: freshwaterforager, 21= scavengers.